Portal-zdrowia.pl

Portal medyczny o zdrowiu

Polecane

Dziecko pierwszy raz u okulisty – wszystko, co musisz wiedzieć, by właściwie się przygotować

Badanie okulistyczne w przypadku dziecka należy wykonać już kiedy skończy dwa lata. Następnie należy je powtórzyć w wieku przedszkolnym, czyli 5-6 lat, a potem w wieku około 10 lat. Zatem wzrok powinno się badać co 3-4 lata. Ogólne badanie jest wykonywane w ramach bilansu dziecięcego. Jednak bardzo często zdarza się, że pediatrzy nie wykonują go dokładnie, to znaczy nie zauważą, że dziecko przy badaniu oszukuje i nadwyręża wzrok, mając jeszcze większą zdolność akomodacji dzięki silnym mięśniom wewnątrzgałkowym bądź zwyczajnie zgaduje. Dlatego warto wybrać się z dzieckiem do gabinetu okulistycznego, tym bardziej, że to nic strasznego.

Jak przygotować dziecko do badania u okulisty?

Przede wszystkim małe dziecko do wizyty u okulisty można przekonać poprzez zabawę. W jej trakcie dziecko może zasłaniać jedno oczko i odpowiadać co znajduje się na obrazku znajdującym się w odległości 2-2,5 metra od niego. Oczywiście trzeba dziecku również opowiedzieć o tym, jak będzie wyglądała wizyta i ile będzie trwała. Z reguły nie będzie to dłużej niż godzina, a często nawet krócej. Przede wszystkim trzeba przekazać dziecku, że badanie okulistyczne nie będzie go bolało, a jeśli okulista będzie przeprowadzał test ostrości widzenia, to koniecznie należy przygotować dziecko na zakraplanie oczu i zapewnić o tym, że jest to nieprzyjemne, ale bezbolesne.

Kiedy bezwzględnie należy udać się z dzieckiem do okulisty?

Jeśli masz wątpliwości czy dziecko powinno wybrać się do okulisty, to możesz zaobserwować kilka kwestii. Na wadę wzroku u dziecka może wskazywać jego zachowanie. Jeśli przybliża bardzo blisko twarz do kartki czytając, pisząc lub rysując, jest to jeden z symptomów wady wzroku. Jeśli nie może skupić wzroku na jednym przedmiocie, to również może wskazywać na problemy. Na krótkowzroczność może wskazywać zarówno pocieranie oczu, jak i mróżenie przy patrzeniu na odległe przedmioty. Oczywiście są to tylko symptomy, jednak warto sprawdzić wzrok dziecka, gdy się je zauważy. To samo tyczy się zeza. Gabinet okulistyczny to miejsce, do którego powinniśmy się udać, jeśli tylko go zauważymy. Nasze obawy niekoniecznie mogą okazać się rzeczywistością, zwłaszcza, jeśli dziecko ma dość szeroki nos, który utrudnia mu prawidłowe patrzenie na wprost. Wtedy mamy do czynienia z zezem rzekomym, który nie jest jednostką chorobową.

Jakie badania u dziecka wykona okulista?

Na samym początku następuje badanie ogólne oczu. Może przeprowadzić również badanie z optotypami, czyli obrazkami umieszczonymi na tablicach w pewnej odległości. Podstawowym i pierwszym badaniem na zezowanie jest sprawdzenie umiejętności wodzenia wzroku za przedmiotem. Sprawdzane są ruchy gałek ocznych we wszystkich kierunkach. Poprzez przyrządy pomiarowe okulista sprawdza czy poszczególne parametry wzroku są dobre. Sprawdza dno oka, a także źrenicę i plamkę żółtą. Służy do tego synoptofor. Wadę wzroku okulista sprawdza po wpuszczeniu do oczu specjalnych kropli, które mają pokonać naturalną zdolność wzroku dziecka do napinania mięśni wewnątrzgałkowych.

Dlaczego wczesne wykrycie wady wzroku jest ważne?

Jeśli wada wzroku zostanie wykryta u dziecka poniżej 7 roku życia, to jest szansa, że zostanie ona wyleczona poprzez postępowanie terapeutyczne. Dotyczy to różnowzroczności kiedy funkcje słabszego oka zostają przejęte przez oko , które lepiej widzi. Leniwe oko wyłącza się z widzenia, a takie zjawisko może prowadzić do zezowania. Zasłanianie oka zdrowego i zmuszanie do pracy oka z wadą powoduje, że można przywrócić przez takie ćwiczenia prowadzone regularnie prawidłowe widzenie. Często ćwiczenia ortoptyczne prowadzone są wraz ze wspomaganiem okularami korekcyjnymi.

Bardzo ważne jest, by w przypadku stwierdzenia niedowidzenia czy nadwzroczności przekonać dziecko, że wada wzroku to nic bardzo strasznego, a noszenie okularów może być fajne. Możesz pokazać mu różne oprawki, które będzie mogło nosić, a także pokazać, jak są lekkie. Głównym problemem nie noszenia przez dzieci okularów była ich wysoka waga. Od kiedy oprawki wykonywane są z lekkich tworzyw, a szkła są coraz cieńsze okulary przestają być uciążliwe do tego stopnia, że można zapomnieć, że ma się je na sobie. Trzeba wiedzieć, że soczewki kontaktowe nie są odpowiednim wyborem dla dzieci.

149 KOMENTARZY

  1. I am curious to find out what blog platform you are utilizing?
    I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest site and I’d like to find
    something more risk-free. Do you have any recommendations?

  2. Hey, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet
    Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give
    you a quick heads up! Other then that, superb
    blog!

  3. you’re in reality a excellent webmaster. The website
    loading velocity is amazing. It kind of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.

    Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a great activity in this matter!

  4. Hey there are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the
    blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my
    own. Do you need any coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  5. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your
    weblog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?
    A handful of my blog audience have complained about my blog not operating correctly in Explorer
    but looks great in Safari. Do you have any recommendations to help fix this problem?

  6. I am really impressed together with your writing skills as well as with the format
    for your blog. Is this a paid subject or did you customize it
    yourself? Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s rare to look a great weblog like this one nowadays..

  7. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you
    amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a weblog website?
    The account aided me a appropriate deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of
    this your broadcast provided brilliant clear idea

  8. Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot
    of spam comments? If so how do you protect against it,
    any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me
    insane so any help is very much appreciated.

  9. Hey there would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re using?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster
    then most. Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at
    a honest price? Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!

  10. I’ll right away snatch your rss feed as I can not in finding your
    e-mail subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any?
    Please permit me realize in order that I could subscribe.
    Thanks.

  11. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine
    but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that,
    awesome blog!

  12. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me
    when new comments are added- checkbox and from now
    on each time a comment is added I recieve 4 emails with
    the exact same comment. There has to be a means you can remove me from that service?
    Thanks!

  13. After exploring a number of the articles on your
    site, I honestly like your way of writing a blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future.

    Take a look at my website as well and let me know how you feel.

  14. I think this is one of the most vital information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The web
    site style is great, the articles is really excellent : D.
    Good job, cheers

  15. Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve take note your
    stuff prior to and you are simply too fantastic. I actually like what you have bought right
    here, really like what you’re stating and the best way
    through which you are saying it. You make it entertaining
    and you still care for to stay it smart. I can not wait to read far more
    from you. That is actually a tremendous web site.

  16. I think this is one of the most significant info for me.

    And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things, The
    website style is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D.

    Good job, cheers

  17. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off
    the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is
    a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility
    but I figured I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Cheers

  18. I have learn a few just right stuff here. Certainly price bookmarking for revisiting.

    I wonder how a lot effort you place to make the sort of great informative website.

  19. Aw, this was a very nice post. Finding the time and actual effort
    to create a very good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and don’t manage to get nearly anything done.

  20. Hey there! I’ve been following your site for a long time now and
    finally got the courage to go ahead and give you
    a shout out from Porter Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic job!

  21. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It truly useful
    & it helped me out a lot. I hope to provide something back and help others such as you aided me.

  22. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout
    on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify
    it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare
    to see a great blog like this one these days.

  23. Hiya! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct
    this problem. If you have any suggestions, please
    share. Many thanks!

  24. Howdy! Quick question that’s totally off topic.
    Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4. I’m trying
    to find a template or plugin that might be able to resolve this issue.
    If you have any suggestions, please share. Thanks!

  25. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back
    frequently!

  26. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem along with your
    site in internet explorer, could check this? IE nonetheless is the market chief and
    a huge portion of people will omit your fantastic writing due
    to this problem.

  27. I am curious to find out what blog system you have been working with?
    I’m experiencing some small security problems with my latest blog and I’d like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any recommendations?

  28. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  29. I’ve been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.

    It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content
    as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  30. Hi! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance
    from an established blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have
    any points or suggestions? Appreciate it

  31. Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely magnificent.
    I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the
    way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to
    keep it smart. I cant wait to read far more from you.
    This is really a great website.

  32. I’m now not certain the place you’re getting your info, however
    great topic. I must spend a while finding out more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for fantastic info I was searching for this info
    for my mission.

  33. If some one wants expert view on the topic of blogging and site-building afterward i suggest him/her to pay a quick visit this webpage, Keep up the pleasant job.

  34. Hi there, You have done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend
    to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from this website.

  35. Hey there! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.

    Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal
    but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not
    sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?

    Thanks

  36. I just like the helpful info you supply in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and test once more right
    here regularly. I am rather certain I will be informed many new stuff proper here!

    Best of luck for the next!

  37. Thanks , I’ve just been looking for info about this subject
    for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered till now.
    However, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you positive about the supply?

  38. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I have learn this post and if I may I wish to recommend you some
    interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles regarding this
    article. I want to read more things about it!

  39. Hi there! I understand this is kind of off-topic however
    I needed to ask. Does running a well-established website like yours
    take a lot of work? I’m brand new to running a blog however I do write in my diary
    on a daily basis. I’d like to start a blog so I can share my own experience and feelings online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for new
    aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  40. Hi there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but
    I’m having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  41. Thank you for the good writeup. It actually used to be a
    amusement account it. Look complex to more introduced agreeable
    from you! By the way, how can we be in contact?

  42. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to shoot you
    an e-mail. I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested
    in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it grow
    over time.

  43. Great post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I am inspired!
    Extremely useful info particularly the remaining section 🙂
    I maintain such information much. I used to be seeking this particular info for a long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  44. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too excellent.
    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what
    you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still care for to
    keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you.

    This is actually a great web site.

  45. you are in point of fact a just right webmaster.

    The web site loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick.
    Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed
    a wonderful process in this topic!

  46. I do not even understand how I finished up here, however I believed this put up was once great.
    I don’t understand who you’re but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger in the event
    you are not already. Cheers!

  47. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to know a lot approximately this, like you wrote the e book in it
    or something. I feel that you just can do with a few percent to pressure the message house a bit, however other than that,
    this is magnificent blog. A great read. I will certainly be back.

  48. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also
    with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see
    a nice blog like this one today.

  49. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are
    added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment
    is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment.
    There has to be a means you are able to remove me from that service?
    Appreciate it!

  50. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve learn this submit and if I may just I desire
    to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.
    Maybe you can write next articles relating to this
    article. I wish to read more things approximately
    it!

  51. You actually make it seem so easy together with your presentation however I find this topic to be actually something which I feel I might
    never understand. It sort of feels too complex and extremely extensive for me.
    I am looking ahead on your subsequent put up, I will attempt to get the dangle of it!

  52. Howdy! I realize this is kind of off-topic however I had to
    ask. Does operating a well-established website like yours take a massive amount work?
    I am brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my diary daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any recommendations or
    tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  53. Greetings, I do think your site could be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I take a look at your web site in Safari,
    it looks fine but when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues.
    I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!

    Apart from that, fantastic site!

  54. Right here is the perfect web site for everyone who hopes to find out about this topic.

    You know so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really will need to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a fresh spin on a topic that has been written about for many
    years. Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

  55. You are so interesting! I do not believe I’ve truly read through something like that before.
    So wonderful to discover somebody with genuine thoughts on this
    topic. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up.
    This site is something that is required on the web, someone with some
    originality!

  56. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your site.
    You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good
    asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d
    absolutely love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an email if interested. Thank you!

  57. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as
    long as I provide credit and sources back to
    your website? My blog is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would
    certainly benefit from some of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you.
    Appreciate it!

  58. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find
    this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and extremely broad for me.
    I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of
    it!

ZOSTAW ODPOWIEDŹ

Twój adres e-mail nie zostanie opublikowany. Wymagane pola są oznaczone *